Horizontal paintings are perceived by our minds to be landscapes when there are also lines running horizontally. The horizontal letter box painting explore, to a degree, how little is needed to evoke the notion of a landscape; they depict 6 views of Dungeness, Kent, actually, the light at Dungeness.
The three “in the city” paintings explore the monumentalism of the built environment; it is anticipated that we’ll all live in cities, but at what cost to our quality of life. The Indus Valley, a connected megalopolis that can be seen from space, has a population approaching 1 billion people. Hence the painting “urban angst”.
I often depict landscapes as narrow vertical images that challenge that perspective; by turning that aspect ratio on its side, we see from the ground up to the stars.